IPERION CHIntegrated Platform for the European Research Infrastructure ON Cultural Heritage

The provenience of stone tools materials from Middle Neolithic (Piscolt group), Late Neolithic (Herpaly culture) settlements from Carei area, Romania

User group leader: Attila Nándor Hágó
Venue: BNC, Hungary


A large number of studies presents the provenance and petrographic characterization of different kind of stone tools from different archaeological settlements from the Early Neolithic to Medieval Age.
The aim of our project is to compare the new PGAA results with previous PGAA data with, petrographic studies and with the existing information available in different databases. Finally, we aim to reveal provenance of the pots raw material their trading routes, and to create a map with the spread of this raw materials.

Between 25-30 September 2017, we have the possibility with the PGAA non-destructive method to analyze, stone tools from Northen-western part of Romania at the Budapest Neutron Centre.
During this period we have been analyzed successfully 27 different polished stone tools (axes, ground stones, polishing stones and other stone artifacts). In this 5 days, we succeeded to analyzed all samples.
Most of the objects are valuable pieces from the collection of Satu-Mare County Museum, on which no analytical investigations have been done before.
We have faced the following advantages and disadvantages during the experiment:
– On the first day, we started the analyzes a little bit later, because of the delay in the availability of the of the instrument.
– During the access, we had the opportunity to work together with a geologist, who was able to mention some preliminary information about the source of provenance these tools.
With this analysis, we hope to have access to some useful information about these objects chemical composition and their source of provenance.
The detailed evaluation of the results is still in progress.

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